According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, endometriosis affects 11% of women between the ages of 15 and 44. Lori-Lynne A. Webb, CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, COBGC , writes about diagnosing and treating endometriosis as well as ICD-10-CM and CPT coding for the condition.
Laurie L. Prescott, MSN, RN, CCDS, CDIP , details the basics of ICD-10-CM/PCS for newer inpatient coders including a review of the ICD-10-CM seventh-character extension, placeholder use, and ICD-10-PCS root operations. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Not many clinical conditions cause more consternation for inpatient coders and CDI specialists than acute and chronic respiratory failure. In this article, William E. Haik, MD, FCCP, CDIP, details acute and chronic respiratory failure and the critical elements in the health record that validate their reporting.
Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in American men, according to the American Cancer Society. Shelley C. Safian, PhD, RHIA, CCS-P, CPC-I , writes about CPT coding for rectal exams and a new prostate specific antigen (PSA) immunoassay test used to detect early indications of prostate cancer, as well as ICD-10-CM codes used to support medical necessity for these services.
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP, reviews ICD-10-CM/PCS cardiac coding for American Heart Month and writes that since accurate coding improves data quality for these conditions, which in turn is used for statistics and tracking trends, ensuring the disease process is captured correctly is imperative. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Joe Rivet, JD, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC, CHC, CCEP, CHRC, CHPC, CICA, CPMA, CAC, CACO, explains that reporting sepsis has long been a challenge for many coders even with the continual release of Coding Clinics and guideline revisions. In this article, Rivet reviews common coding traps for this condition including reporting urosepsis, severe sepsis, and sepsis on admission.
Denise Wilson, RN, MS, RRT, and Karla Hiravi, RN, BSN, explore why coding and clinical denials for acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute tubular necrosis (ATN) are different and the importance of different appeal strategies.
Shannon McCall, RHIA, CCS, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC, CRC, CCDS, HCS-D, reviews Coding Clinic , Fourth Quarter 2018, advice surrounding body mass index reporting and how new advice conflicts with previous guidance. McCall also reviews payment methodologies and the official guideline updates for this condition. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Rules governing code assignment often don’t make sense to those coming from the clinical side, such as CDI. In truth, they often confound professionals with years of inpatient coding experience, too. And most CDI and coding professionals have a list of frustrations when it comes to translating clinical documentation into ICD-10 codes.
In the current healthcare climate the issue of medical necessity documentation, or lack thereof, is one of the most common reasons for claim denials. Review medical necessity guidance from CMS and learn how to prevent repeated denials due to improper documentation of medical necessity. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
The beginning of a new year typically brings new resolutions to deal with weight-related issues. Shelley C. Safian, PhD, RHIA, HCISPP , writes about ICD-10-CM coding for common weight-related diagnoses such as obesity and anorexia, and CPT coding for interventions used to treat them.
Adriane Martin, DO, FACOS, CCDS, reviews Coding Clinic’s Third and Fourth Quarter 2018 advice including reporting for coronary artery bypass grafting, drainage of an abscess in the submandibular space, and diabetes. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
This article reviews HCPro’s 2018 coding productivity survey and reviews data on factors that have affected coder productivity, remote coders, and collaboration between coders and CDI specialists, including charts coded per hour and coding accuracy standards.
The ICD-10-CM Manual was recently updated with new codes for peritonitis in association with acute appendicitis and the CPT Manual now includes new codes for gastrostomy tube replacements. Familiarize yourself with these changes to ensure accurate reporting of digestive diagnoses and treatments. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Lori-Lynne A. Webb, CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, COBGC , reviews common CPT and ICD-10-CM coding and documentation errors, such as unbundling, inappropriate modifier usage, and missing information, to help coders reduce their risk from audits.
Adriane Martin, DO, FACOS, CCDS, writes that with the complexity of malnutrition—and the complexity of updated criteria—even the most seasoned inpatient coder should review ICD-10-CM malnutrition coding guidelines and criteria frequently to ensure compliant reporting.
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP , writes that while reporting mental illness is on the radar for outpatient coders, inpatient coders should be up to date with these diagnoses as well. Capturing this data in the inpatient setting not only substantiates reimbursement, it is also used to identify national trends for tracking and understanding these serious conditions. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Richard Pinson, MD, FACP, CCS, and Cynthia Tang, RHIA, CCS, review the recently published “Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) Criteria for the Diagnosis of Malnutrition: A Consensus Report From the Global Clinical Nutrition Community” and help coders apply this criteria in ICD-10-CM.
Sarah Humbert, RHIA, and Catrena Smith, CCS, CCS-P, CPCO, CPC, CIC, CPC-I, CRC, CHTS-PW, explore three scenarios for onboarding new inpatient coders and provide valuable advice to prepare them for success.
For patients who suffer from frequent symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), the provider may have to increase to prescription strength medications and possibly consider surgical intervention for severe cases. In this article, Shannon McCall, RHIA, CCS, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC, CRC, CCDS, HCS-D, reviews ICD-10-CM/PCS coding for these GERD diagnoses and procedures. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
When pneumonia documentation is questioned, CDI specialists or coders should always query the provider. But reviewing the following clinical elements involving aspiration and pneumonias with your physician staff may help improve the documentation of complex pneumonias and avoid adverse determinations by external reviewers.
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP, writes that understanding spinal anatomy, the reporting of detailed spinal diagnoses, and the selection of applicable procedure codes can ensure that these complicated claims are reimbursed correctly and in compliance with coding guidelines. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
The death of one twin in utero complicates oversight of a multifetal pregnancy. Lori-Lynne A. Webb, CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, COBGC , reviews symptoms of vanishing twin syndrome and ICD-10-CM coding for continuing pregnancy after intrauterine death .
The CMS risk adjustment model uses Hierarchical Condition Categories (HCC) to calculate risk scores based on ICD-10 diagnoses. Review HCC coding do’s and don’ts to help your facility manage risk effectively, enhance shared savings, and provide patient-centered care.
Coders must have a solid understanding of complex terminology and CPT and ICD-10-CM coding guidelines to select the most specific codes for traumatic fractures and their treatments. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
According to the National Center for Chronic Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion, an estimated 5.7 million adults throughout the U.S. have heart failure. Shelley C. Safian, PhD, RHIA, CCS-P, COC, CPC-I, writes about ICD-10-CM coding for heart failure diagnoses and CPT coding for procedures used to treat the disease.
The FY 2019 ICD-10-CM update includes 54 code additions, three deletions, and 87 revisions to Chapter 19 of the ICD-10-CM Manual , “Injuries, Poisonings, and Certain Other Consequences of External Causes.” Review updated codes and guidelines for reporting burns, infections and sepsis following a procedure, drug abuse, and human trafficking. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Patients determined to have a tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) require immediate and aggressive surgical therapy. Lori-Lynne A. Webb, CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, COBGC , reviews clinical documentation and ICD-10-CM coding for TOAs as well as CPT coding for surgical interventions used to treat them.
Cesar M. Limjoco, MD, writes that although different literature has become available on principal diagnosis selection through the years, questions and disputes keep popping up. In this article, he revisits the issue and provides additional insight to code selection for conditions such as acute respiratory failure and congestive heart failure.
Adriane Martin, DO, FACOS, CCDS, reviews Coding Clinic guidance published in the first and second quarters of this year as it pertains to coding guidelines, severity of illness, and MS-DRG assignment for the inpatient setting.
The verdict is in. CMS’ fiscal year (FY) 2019 IPPS final rule took effect on October 1 and impacts 3,300 hospitals. CMS made changes to several of its inpatient quality programs: Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program, Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program, and Hospital Readmission Reduction Program, in addition to the changes made to ICD-10 CM/PCS codes.
William E. Haik, MD, FCCP, CDIP, writes that complex pneumonias can segregate to a higher-weighted MS-DRG than other pneumonia types, so reviewing clinical elements with your physician staff may help improve documentation and avoid adverse determinations by external reviewers for these conditions.
Summer has ended. For some, that marks the start of school, the beginning of football season, and the return of the pumpkin spice latte. If you are an inpatient coder or CDI specialist, it marks two full quarters worth of Coding Clinic advice.
To effectively report opioid use, abuse, and dependence, coding and billing professionals must be able to recognize symptoms of these disorders and interpret detailed ICD-10-CM guidelines. Additionally, they must be able to identify complications associated with opioid misuse and overdose.
In 2017, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) declared a nationwide public health emergency to address the opioid crisis, investing almost $900 million in opioid-specific funding to support treatment and recovery services. Learn about the epidemic and review ICD-10-CM coding and guidelines for reporting opioid use, abuse, dependence, and overdoses.
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP , provides background on vaccinations and writes that coding for vaccine administration isn’t relegated to the outpatient coder; inpatient coders also have codes to report for vaccine administration. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
As I sit down to summarize the proposed fiscal year (FY) 2019 ICD-10-CM update, the number of changes proposed are significantly less than the prior two years. This makes me think we’re getting back to the norm of expected yearly changes.
ICD-10-CM and CPT coding for glaucoma and retinal detachment requires a detailed understanding of coding guidelines as well as ocular anatomy and terminology. Explore the anatomy of the eye and review coding guidance for conditions that affect our view of the outside world. Note : To access this article, you must first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
William E. Haik, MD, FCCP, CDIP , AHIMA-approved ICD-10-CM/PCS trainer, Jonathan Besler, CPA, MA , and Mary Devine, RN , write that while it is well-known that ICD-10-CM/PCS code assignment impacts hospital reimbursement and compliance, there is an additional code that often flies under the radar for inpatient coders and has a huge impact on reimbursement: the discharge status code.
Adriane Martin, DO, FACOS, CCDS, summarizes the proposed changes found in the fiscal year (FY) 2019 IPPS proposed rule, broken down by Major Diagnostic Category (MDC), that would impact ICD-10-CM/PCS codes. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Amy Sanderson, MD, says that the term “dysphagia” has many synonyms used by providers in medical documentation. However, not all of these symptoms are able to describe the diagnosis with enough specificity so that it can be translated into its corresponding code assignment.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is not easily diagnosed and brings added risk factors to pregnancy oversight. Lori-Lynne Webb, CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, CDIP, COBGC, reviews ICD-10-CM coding for hypertension during pregnancy and related complications.
Greek philosopher Heraclitus once said the only constant is change. With the release of the fiscal year (FY) 2019 IPPS proposed rule , and all of the changes it contains, CMS has certainly proven Heraclitus correct. The rule applies to 3,257 acute care hospitals, and once finalized, will affect discharges on or after October 1.
In inpatient coding, all diagnoses that affect the current hospital stay must be reported. In addition, the Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set is commonly followed for reporting secondary diagnoses; it says that other (or additional) diagnoses are defined as "all conditions that coexist at the time of admission, that develop subsequently, or that affect the treatment received and/or length of stay."
Coding professionals will need to familiarize themselves with 2019 updates to the ICD-10-CM Manual , including significant changes to chapter two for neoplasms and chapter 5 for mental disorders. Shannon McCall, RHIA, CCS, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC, CRC, CCDS , summarizes important 2019 ICD-10-CM updates , which will impact payment for claims submitted on or after October 1.
Coding for pain management requires a detailed understanding of medical anatomy and terminology as well as the guidelines for reporting complex surgical procedures. Review ICD-10-CM coding for chronic and acute pain diagnoses and CPT coding for trigger point, joint, and epidural steroid injections. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
The fiscal year (FY) 2019 ICD-10-CM code update, released on June 11, includes 279 code additions, 143 revisions, and 51 invalidations. The number of changes is significantly less than the past two years, which makes me think we are getting back to the “norm” of expected yearly changes.
James S. Kennedy, MD, CCS, CDIP, CCDS , writes that ICD-10-CM/PCS documentation and coding rules surrounding patient safety indicators (PSI) must be honored in order to ensure proper compliance and reimbursement.
Understanding when and how to report hospital modifiers is critical to ensuring compliant billing. Review CPT guidelines for modifiers -25, -50, and -59, as well as case studies and denial numbers by specialty, to reduce your risk from audits. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a genetic disease that could be misdiagnosed due to its rarity. Yvette DeVay, MHA, CPC, CPMA, CIC, CPC-I , reviews symptoms, procedural treatments, and ICD-10-CM coding for the condition.
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP, writes that when reporting Alzheimer’s, understanding the disease and its symptoms is important for coders, as entries in the ICD-10-CM alphabetic index can be confusing. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
A common question that coders often ask is when to report a secondary diagnosis. In part two of this two-part series, Gloryanne Bryant, RHIA, CDIP, CCS, CCDS , looks at the chapter-specific coding guidelines related to secondary diagnosis coding found in the ICD-10-CM Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting.
Cancer is the second most common form of death in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control. To accurately report CPT and ICD-10-CM codes for skin and breast cancer, coders need a thorough understanding of symptoms of malignancies and treatments used to prevent them from spreading. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Cognitive impairment ranges from mild to severe and can impact a person’s ability to perform everyday functions such as talking, remembering, and comprehending information. Debbie Jones, CPC, CCA , reviews CPT and ICD-10-CM coding, and care planning for patients living with cognitive impairment.
Pelvic congestion syndrome is a chronic medical condition affecting millions of women between the ages of 20 and 45. Lori-Lynne Webb CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, COBGC, ICD-10-CM/PCS , reviews symptoms of the condition and reporting using CPT and ICD-10-CM codes.
Shannon McCall, RHIA, CCS, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC, CRD, CCDS, writes that while the fiscal year (FY) 2019 IPPS proposed rule is considering the downgrade of ICD-10-CM code B20 (human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease) from an MCC to a CC, it does not mean that diagnosing and coding for HIV has lessened in complexity.
Allen Frady, RN-BSN, CCDS, CCS, CRC, writes about guidance related to documenting acute respiratory insufficiency and gives tips to coders and CDI teams on what to do when the conditions are over-documented postoperatively.
A diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) now includes several conditions that used to be diagnosed separately: autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, and Asperger’s syndrome. Peggy Blue, MPH, CCS, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC , reviews these terms to aid accurate coding. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
James S. Kennedy, MD, CCS, CDIP, CCDS, writes that the various approaches hospital systems use to optimize their DRG-based case-mix index or HCC-based risk adjustment factor scores will likely conflict with how an accountability agent will see those measurements.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), it is estimated that more than half a million people in the U.S. have Crohn’s disease. For unknown reasons, the disease has become more widespread in both the U.S. and other parts of the world.
A coding audit may be conducted by internal staff or external entities, typically representing the insurers paying for the care. When planning to implement a coding auditing program, the type of reviews, focus areas, and review frequency must all be taken into consideration.
One in 12 adults suffer from alcohol abuse or dependence, and more than half of adults have a family history of alcoholism or problem drinking. Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP, outlines ICD-10-CM rules for substance use, abuse, and dependence, and diagnosis coding for alcohol-related conditions.
James S. Kennedy, MD, CCS, CCDS, CDIP, writes that clinical validity, documentation, and ICD-10-CM coding applicable to liver disease remains a great challenge to those invested in severity and risk-adjustment coding compliance. In this article, he reviews several pitfalls that could await facilities.
It’s estimated that more than half a million people in the U.S. are diagnosed with Crohn’s disease. Debbie Jones, CPC, CCA , outlines symptoms and treatments for Crohn’s disease, as well as ICD-10-CM coding for the condition and associated complications.
Laura Legg RHIT, CCS, CDIP, looks at the results of Central Learning’s second annual ICD-10 Coding Contest and highlights ways facilities can use the data to improve coding performance and accuracy. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Stress urinary incontinence is a common problem induced by minor physical stressors such as laughing, coughing, or sneezing. Lori-Lynne A. Webb, CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, COBGC , writes about CPT coding for procedures such as sling operations and laparoscopies, used to treat urinary stress incontinence.
James S. Kennedy, MD, CCS, CDIP, CCDS , reviews readmission rates and writes that if physicians learn the foundations of readmission measurement and implement some basic principles and workflows for reporting clinically accurate ICD-10-CM/PCS coding, hospitals can succeed with readmission measures.
Wound care coding can be challenging as wound size, depth, and severity must be properly documented to report the most accurate codes. Review coding for pressure ulcers in ICD-10-CM and wound debridement in CPT to avoid common documentation and reporting errors. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
As clinicians and coders invested in ICD-10-CM/PCS documentation and coding compliance, we’ve seen it all as it relates to the various approaches different hospital systems use to “optimize” or “maximize” their DRG-based case-mix index (CMI) or risk adjustment factor (RAF) scores based on Hierarchical Condition Categories (HCC).
In the current healthcare climate, the issue of medical necessity documentation, or lack thereof, is one of the most common reasons for claim denials. For a service to be considered medically necessary (by a third-party payer), it must be considered a reasonable and necessary service to diagnose and/or treat a patient’s current and/or chronic medical condition.
The skin is the largest organ in the human body and plays a vital role in protecting the body from injury and illness. This article reviews integumentary anatomy and provides guidance to aid in accurate ICD-10-CM and CPT code assignment for complex integumentary diagnoses and procedures. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
According to the American Cancer Society, in 2017 there were an estimated 1,688,780 new cancer cases diagnosed and 600,920 cancer deaths in the U.S. In this article, Peggy Blue, MPH, CCS, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC , breaks down the usage of the ICD-10-CM neoplasm table and reviews coding for neoplasm admissions. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Drug abuse is a serious public health issue that affects millions of Americans. Familiarize yourself with diagnosis reporting for substance use disorders to ensure that ICD-10-CM-dependent administrative data accurately captures the social consequences of substance abuse. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
In November 2017, HCPro asked healthcare professionals about ICD-10 coding productivity. Based on respondent feedback, respondents were asked to report productivity based on records per hour or records per day. In previous years, respondents were asked to report productivity based only on records per hour.
James S. Kennedy, MD, CCS, CDIP, CCDS, reviews some ICD fundamentals and to help facilities develop a strategy that will ease the transition to the new administrative language as the federal government moves toward deployment of the International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition, for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics (ICD-11-MMS).
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP, writes that since there is such a prevalence for obesity in our nation, it’s a no brainer that correctly assigning and fully understanding the ICD-10-CM/PCS codes for obesity-related conditions is imperative for coders in any facility.
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a commonly diagnosed condition where the ventricles or the lower chambers of the heart do not work effectively. The heart serves as a pump to get blood in and then out of the heart to circulate to the rest of the body. When any type of pump doesn’t work efficiently, backups can occur.
A recent report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that almost 70% of Americans are considered overweight or obese. This epidemic costs American healthcare systems approximately $190 billion per year in treatment of weight-related conditions.
The advancement of accurate and compliant coding efforts brings unique challenges. As benevolent as a health information management (HIM) department’s mission may seem to be, for many facilities, the focus of physician queries continues to be “optimizing” information in the medical record to increase reimbursement.
Approximately 2%-3% of children between the ages of 6 and 12, and 6%-8% of adolescents in the U.S. may have serious depression. Debbie Jones, CPC, CCA details common symptoms of anxiety and depression in adolescence and provides advice for diagnostic coding of these conditions.
New ICD-10-CM/PCS codes provide additional specificity to describe the condition of and care afforded to a given patient. This article takes a closer look at these code updates as well as guidelines for reporting codes under new payment models.
Surprisingly, thyroid disease is more common than diabetes or heart disease, with an estimated 20 million Americans having some form of the disease. In this article, Yvette M. DeVay, MHA, CPC, CPMA, CIC, CPC-I gives readers a background on thyroid cancer and reviews ICD-10-CM/PCS coding for the disease.
With yearly ICD-10 code and guideline updates to the respiratory system, it’s important for coders to stay abreast of changes to ensure documentation and coding integrity. This article takes a closer look at the ICD-10-CM code updates as well as recent Coding Clinic guidance on the respiratory system. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Coding for damage control surgery and acute blood loss anemia can be difficult when clear provider documentation is not found within the medical record. Lori-Lynne A. Webb, CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, COBGC, outlines best practices for identifying anemia and ensuring more accurate documentation.
If ICD-10-CM/PCS is used to its full potential, it will provide greater detail and a more accurate depiction of patient severity. This level of detail is expected to provide more information about the relationship between a provider’s performance and the patient’s condition.
More than 13 million Americans have bladder incontinence, and women are twice more likely than men to have it, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Peggy Blue, MPH, CCS, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC, reviews ICD-10-CM/PCS coding for the bladder and writes that with so many Americans affected, knowledge of proper coding of bladder diagnoses and procedures is important.
Each year, more than 2,000 Americans are diagnosed with mesothelioma— an aggressive and deadly type of cancer that develops in the lining of the lungs, abdomen, or heart. Debbie Jones CPC, CCA , writes about different types of mesothelioma and how they should be reported in ICD-10-CM.