Alicia Kutzer, Esq., LL.M., M.H.A , reviews CMS’ Interim Final Rule with Request for Comments (IFC) concerning coverage, billing, and payment for COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutics. This guidance is imperative for inpatient hospitals to evaluate to ensure proper documentation and reimbursement.
The Office of Inspector General (OIG) recently announced it plans to audit hospital inpatient claims. According to the report, the OIG wants to determine if inpatient claims with short lengths of stay were incorrectly billed as inpatient when they should have been billed as outpatient or outpatient with observation.
Q: We have an elderly patient admitted to our hospital who is also presenting with osteoarthritis (OA) of the right knee. How can we determine primary versus secondary OA, and how would it be reported in ICD-10-CM?
Sarah A. Nehring, RHIT, CCS, CCDS, details ICD-10-CM reporting and clinical indicators for hepatic fibrosis, cirrhosis, and complications caused by cirrhosis such as ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
ICD-10-CM coding for genitourinary conditions requires careful attention to detail. Learn about genitourinary structures and their functions as well as new ICD-10-CM codes for glomerulonephritis, chronic kidney disease, and granulomatous mastitis. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
A multi-organizational collaborative is proving further evidence of the growing interest in behavioral health integration with primary care. Read about organizational efforts to improve collaboration between primary care and mental health providers and enhance billing for behavioral health services.
Q: Our coding team is having trouble understanding the different types of chronic respiratory failure (CRF) and knowing when to suspect its presence when it’s not specifically documented by our physicians. Can you please help us with this?
Gloryanne Bryant, RHIA, CDIP, CCS, CCDS, writes that the better the CDI policies and procedures, the better CDI and inpatient coding departments can work efficiently together to achieve proper documentation, coding, and reimbursement.
Sarah Nehring, RHIT, CCS, CCDS , details three significant changes to the ICD-10-CM tabular list Excludes notes that may prove valuable to hospitals in fiscal year (FY) 2021, including updates to Excludes notes for encephalopathy, toxic encephalopathy, and more. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Incorrect acute stroke diagnosis codes reported by Medicare providers resulted in millions of dollars in increased payments to Medicare Advantage organizations, according to a recent Office of Inspector General (OIG) report.
Up to now, public health data collection has been mainly focused on adult COVID-19 patients, but we are beginning to see data indicating that COVID-19 is impacting children’s health as well. With more of the spotlight on pediatric COVID-19 diagnoses, it’s important to ensure proper documentation to help improve data collection.
CMS on October 28 released an interim final rule that ensures physician reimbursement for the administration of a COVID-19 vaccine and outpatient hospital reimbursement for COVID-19 drug services provided at the same time as a comprehensive APC service.
Public comments on 2021 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS) proposed rule offer insight into the policy preferences of the medical practice industry. Familiarize yourself with controversial proposed policies to restrict telehealth billing and reduce payment rates for audio-only E/M services.
The COVID-19 public health emergency has not made it easy, but coders and medical practice staff have a lot to be proud of this year. Review key findings from a medical practice salary survey, including data to support medical staff pay increases and expanded job responsibilities.
Modifiers provide a means by which a physician or facility can flag a service that has been altered by a special circumstance but has not changed in definition or code. Break down CPT guidelines for reporting hospital modifiers -25, -50, -59, -LT, and RT. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
CMS set the timer on transforming MS-DRGs in the recently released fiscal year (FY) 2021 IPPS final rule . The agency strongly signaled its wish to de-emphasize the role of the chargemaster and the cost-to-charge ratio (CCR) in MS-DRG rate setting and laid out a pathway to a methodology that would align traditional Medicare MS-DRG rates with Medicare Advantage (MA).
As we continue seeing an influx of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) cases, there is no better time for inpatient coders to review ICD-10-PCS reporting for extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO) procedures. Hopefully these procedures are only necessary in rare circumstances for those COVID-19 inpatients.
The fiscal year (FY) 2021 ICD-10-CM code set includes 26 new codes for nervous system conditions such as cerebellar ataxia, Dravet syndrome, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. This article details these code changes and associated updates to the ICD-10-CM Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting , which went into effect last month.
It’s more important than ever that organizations keep ahead of COVID-19 ICD-10-CM and MS-DRG audits and denials. The financial strain that many organizations are under makes it imperative that they minimize disruptions to revenue.
Sarah Nehring, CCS, CCDS, RHIT, writes that acute blood loss anemia can increase expected reimbursement, the expected length of stay, and the severity of illness for an encounter. For these reasons, she presents seven things coders wish providers knew about accurately documenting this condition.
The finalized fiscal year (FY) 2021 ICD-10-CM and ICD-10-PCS code sets were recently released in the FY 2021 IPPS final rule, introducing new, revised, and deleted codes for diagnostic and procedural services and accompanying guideline changes.
Q: CMS created a new MS-DRG for chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapies in the fiscal year (FY) 2021 IPPS final rule. Which ICD-10-PCS codes group to this new MS-DRG and does it qualify for an additional new technology add-on payment?
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP, RHIA , examines the reporting for codes in Chapter 13, Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and Connective Tissue, of the ICD-10-CM manual, which included infectious arthropathies, inflammatory polyarthropathies, osteoarthritis, and other joint disorders. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
A few years ago, there was a change of attitude within seizure medicine that manifested itself as new terminology. The older term “pseudoseizure” was replaced by the phrase “psychogenic non-epileptogenic seizure.”
Outpatient coding for behavioral health services can be tricky given number of conditions that influence mental wellbeing. Review potentially confusing CPT coding guidelines for psychiatric evaluations, E/M visit services, and 2021 updates to ICD-10-CM codes for behavioral health. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
In a recent National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) update, CMS rolled back many of the procedural edits that it temporarily extended in light of the novel coronavirus public health emergency. Read up on the changes, including 291,274 procedure-to-procedure edits, which took effect October 1.
CMS released the fiscal year (FY) 2021 IPPS final rule on September 2. In this article, we will review key priorities for the coming FY, including a continuing emphasis on addressing disparities in reimbursement between urban and rural hospitals and expanding beneficiary access to cutting-edge technologies.
According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, approximately 30% of patients with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) have acute kidney injury (AKI). Because of this, Alba Kuqi, MD, CICA, CCS, CDIP, CCDS, CRCR, CSMC, details COVID-19-related AKI to ensure accurate documentation and appropriate queries.
Sarah Nehring, CCS, CCDS, RHIT, writes that although noted in the ICD-10-CM alphabetic index, cardiorenal syndrome is not always hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease, which is why clinical knowledge for this condition is very important for proper ICD-10-CM reporting. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
On January 1, new patient office visit code 99201 will be deleted from the CPT code set and coders will find revised descriptors for E/M codes 99202-99205 and 99211-99215. Read about how these changes will impact E/M leveling, medical decision-making (MDM), and code selection for outpatient visits.
Review significant updates to the musculoskeletal chapter of the ICD-10-CM manual including 57 new codes and updated guidelines for reporting arthritis, temporomandibular joint disorders, osteoporosis, and osteochondrosis. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Between 50-80% of pregnant women complain of back pain, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Lori-Lynne Webb, CPC, CCS-P, CCP, CHDA, CDIP, COBGC , writes about ICD-10-CM documentation and coding for back pain during pregnancy.
A patient with a history of hypertension sees a cardiologist for chest discomfort during exercise. The cardiologist completes an office visit and performs a cardiac stress test the same day. Would it be appropriate to report the visit using an E/M code with modifier -25?
Baylor Scott & White-College Station didn't properly bill Medicare for supplemental outlier payments, according to a September Office of Inspector General (OIG) report. Reviewed claims contained errors due to overcharging and inaccurate coding, resulting in $189,276 in overpayments, said the report.
Alba Kuqi, MD, CCS, CDIP, CCDS, CRCR, CICA, CSCM, explains the definition of acute ischemic syndrome and the clinical indicators that make a difference when reviewing a medical record. In part two of this two-part series, Kuqi takes a look at myocardial infarctions (MI), treatments for MIs, and clinical documentation concepts.
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP , details important ICD-10-PCS code updates and MS-DRG designation changes found in the fiscal year (FY) 2021 IPPS final rule. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
CMS recently released the FY 2021 IPPS final rule, which increased hospital payment rates, created new MS-DRGs, and finalized the FY 2021 ICD-10-CM/PCS code sets and CC/MCC designations to be implemented October 1.
Q: We are having trouble with a case that involves an Implantation of a cardiac resynchronization therapy-pacemaker (CRT-P) with three leads and an envelope since our facility is new to using pacemaker envelopes. How should this procedure be reported in ICD-10-PCS?
The American Medical Association (AMA) on September 8 published two new CPT codes for novel coronavirus (COVID-19)-related services, including one that accounts for additional supplies and clinical staff time used to mitigate the spread of the virus.
Q: During an outpatient visit, a nurse reviews the patient’s medical history and a physician performs an examination in the presence of the nurse. If you adhere to the 2021 E/M guidelines and use time as the controlling factor for code selection, can you report one E/M code for these shared services?
Strabismus is one of the most common eye problems in children, according to Stanford Children’s Health. In this article, Debbie Jones, CPC, CCA , details ICD-10-CM coding for strabismus and CPT coding for surgical treatments used to correct eye misalignment.
The fiscal year (FY) 2021 update to the ICD-10-CM code set includes 26 new codes for nervous system conditions such as cerebellar ataxia and Dravet syndrome. Review these new codes and associated updates to the ICD-10-CM guidelines set to go into effect October 1. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
CMS continues to focus on site-neutral payment policies and keeping payments down for 340B-acquired drugs in the 2021 OPPS proposed rule, released in early August. Read about these proposals which if finalized, will impact hospital billing and payment starting January 1.
The final 2021 CPT, ICD-10-CM, and ICD-10-PCS code sets were released last week, introducing new, revised, and deleted codes for diagnostic and procedural services and accompanying guideline changes. Read up on the changes, which will impact payment for hospital services in 2021.
Outpatient coders should be familiar with CPT reporting for knee surgeries based on information in the operative note. This article reviews the anatomy of the knee joint and CPT coding for arthroscopic and reconstructive procedures used to visualize and treat common knee conditions. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Q: When would it be appropriate to report modifier -58 (staged or related procedure or service by the same physician during the postoperative period) for a procedure performed during the postoperative period?
Q: When is it appropriate to report both flash or acute pulmonary edema and acute on chronic heart failure (diastolic, systolic, or other) in ICD-10-CM? What other etiologies lead to flash pulmonary edema and how do I know when to query?
Alba Kuqi, MD, CCS, CDIP, CCDS, CRCR, CICA, CSCM, explains the definition of acute ischemic syndrome and the clinical indicators that make a difference when reviewing a medical record. In part one of this two-part series, Kuqi takes a look at the myocardial anatomy, stable/unstable angina, and Prinzmetal's angina.
CMS recently released guidance stating that for inpatient novel coronavirus (COVID-19) claims, a positive viral test result is now required in order to be eligible for the 20% increase in the MS-DRG weighting factor. This became effective for all admissions on or after September 1.
Sarah Nehring, CCS, CCDS, RHIT , writes that the increased complexity and cost of implantable cardiac defibrillator devices is reflected in the higher relative weight and longer length of stay for these MS-DRGs compared to pacemaker MS-DRGs. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Julian Everett, RN, BSN, CDIP, reviews ICD-10-CM reporting and clinical criteria for pneumonia and its causative agents and associated comorbidities. Everett also details documentation recommendations for providers to ensure inpatient coders can report this disease with the utmost accuracy.
Although a great deal has been written about acute respiratory failure, chronic respiratory failure has not received as much attention even though it may also impact MS-DRG assignment and risk adjustment.
Because of the complexity and frequency of ischemic stroke admissions, inpatient coders should review clinical criteria and ICD-10-CM reporting regularly for this diagnosis to ensure accurate coding and reimbursement.
This increase in alcohol-related deaths is consistent with reports of increases in alcohol-related illnesses and injuries during the same period. This study highlights the fact that alcohol-related admissions are not uncommon, which is why inpatient coders should brush up on reporting these disorders in ICD-10-CM.
Departmental silos are prevalent in the healthcare world and can lead to unvoiced frustrations and counterproductive work. Different organizations have different approaches to breaking down these walls, often through regular interdepartmental meetings or newsletters.
CMS is moving forward for E/M changes for physician billing according to the 2021 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule. Read about those changes, as long as a preview of new CPT codes that will be added for 2021.
Medicare’s rules for reporting blood products and applying the Part B blood deductible can be confusing. Judith L. Kares, JD , writes about unique HCPCS reporting and billing rules for blood products and related services reimbursed under the OPPS.
Familiarize yourself with notable code updates in the 2021 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS) proposed rule, including new E/M reporting guidelines and CPT® codes for lung biopsies, auditory testing, and chronic care management.
Review ICD-10-CM codes for age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma and the 2021 updates to Chapter 7 of the ICD-10-CM manual, “Diseases of the Eye and Adnexa.” Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
The 2021 MPFS proposed rule, released August 3, introduces new policies under the Quality Payment Program (QPP) including plans to delay implementation of the Merit-based Incentive Payment System Value Payment (MVP) model and introduce 108 new quality measures.
Sharme Brodie, RN, CCDS, CCDS-O , writes that the cost of new technologies can lead to an overwhelming financial burden to hospitals and patients, which is why accurate reporting of ICD-10-PCS codes in the new technology section of the ICD-10-PCS manual is more important than ever.
Adrienne Commeree, CPC, CPMA, CCS, CEMC, CPIP, writes that attention must be paid to coding conventions and general coding guidelines when reviewing the ICD-10-CM manual for correct code assignment for diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
Q: We have an elderly patient admitted in our hospital who is also presenting with glaucoma. Since we don’t report glaucoma on a regular basis, can you explain any background, guidelines, or tips for reporting glaucoma in ICD-10-CM?
In July, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) released a report regarding the incorrect assignment of ICD-10-CM codes for severe malnutrition on inpatient hospital claims. In this article, Yvette M. DeVay, MHA, CPC, CPMA, CIC , reviews these findings and explains how to better document and report malnutrition.
Bill Wagner, CHPS, CPCO , unpacks findings from a survey conducted by KIWI-TEK, a medical coding company in Indianapolis, that asked 157 coders how the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted their finances, workflow, and career prospects.
Review digestive anatomy and ICD-10-CM coding for common diseases of the digestive tract including diverticulitis, cholecystitis, and abdominal adhesions. Also look at new codes to be added to Chapter 11: Disease of the Digestive System of the ICD-10-CM manual on October 1. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
CMS released the calendar year (CY) 2021 MPFS and OPPS proposed rules on August 3, introducing new CPT codes, reducing the PFS conversion factor by nearly 11%, and seeking commentary on how to gradually eliminate the inpatient only list.
Familiarize yourself with proposed updates to the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS), including plans to significantly revise the E/M coding guidelines and extend telehealth flexibilities beyond the COVID-19 public health emergency.
Shannon McCall, RHIA, CCS, CCS-P, CPC, CEMC, CRC, CCDS, CCDS-O, writes that it’s important for inpatient coders to acquaint themselves with any underlying conditions related to novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in order to ensure accurate reporting, reimbursement, and data gathering.
Heart disease is a broad category, but for this article Julian Everett, RN, BSN, CDIP , takes a look at ICD-10-CM reporting for myocardial infarctions (MI). It is essential to understand what defines an MI, current quality initiatives for MIs, and documentation and coding requirements for this diagnosis. Note : To access this free article, make sure you first register here if you do not have a paid subscription.
This article details CDI quality review processes from various hospitals, some of which zero in on patient safety indicator and mortality cases to improve their facility’s severity of illness and rate of mortality scores.
Q: We have patients being admitted for COVID-19 and most of them have a laundry list of various manifestations and complications. Do all manifestations and complications need to be reported in ICD-10-CM?
On July 30 CMS announced the addition of 12 new ICD-10-PCS codes to describe the Introduction or Transfusion of therapeutics for treating patients with COVID-19. These new codes became effective August 1.
In response to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) public health emergency, CMS has expanded patient access to telehealth services, allowing beneficiaries to receive a wide range of services without having to visit a healthcare facility.